The World War First and its Consequences for Ukraine

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O. Reyent

Abstract

In the article, the World War First it examined from the perspective of a global cataclysm that essentially determined the further development of human civilization not only in the twentieth, but also in the early twenty-first century. It is indicated that the tragedy of war especially manifested in the total character, which it has acquired, and the rapid fall in the value of human life. In its universal scope and demographic losses, this war greatly surpassed everything that happened thereto during the largest international military conflicts in human history. The influence of the global confrontation 1914-1918 on the Ukrainian ethnic land is shown. Being divided between the Russian Empire and Austria-Hungary they have been the object of geopolitical encroachments of the warring parties and for four years became the theater of fierce fighting, and their population found itself on opposite sides of the front line. Considerable attention is paid to elucidating the main «Ukrainian aspects» of the war in the political, ideological, military, economic and social planes. It is shown both negative and positive consequences of the World War First for the formation of modern nation and the establishment of statehood.

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How to Cite
Reyent, O. (2016) “The World War First and its Consequences for Ukraine”, Problems of World History, (1), pp. 64-78. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2016-1-4.

Section
Articles
Author Biography

O. Reyent

Reyent Oleksandr – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine, Deputy Director of Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

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