The Munich Crisis and Collapse of the Versailles System on the Eve of World War II

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V. Pavlenko

Abstract

The article examines the development of the crisis manifestations of the Versailles system on the eve of World War II. Special attention is paid to how and under what circumstances the preparation and signing of the Munich Agreement took place. It is noted that the emergence of Nazi Germany’s European politics at the forefront undoubtedly stimulated a whole range of interstate contradictions. This led to a decrease in the stability of the Versailles system. The manifestations of the reaction of the great powers to the aggressive policy of Berlin are analyzed and attention is focused on the fact that the policy of appeasement was erroneous and led to the aggravation of the Versailles system crisis in the late 30s XX century. This study emphasizes that as a result of the policy of appeasement, the balance of forces on the continent changes dramatically, and the signing of the Munich Agreement in September 1938 was decisive in the development of the Versailles system crisis and determined the beginning of the collapse of this model of international relations. It was stated that the Western democracies did not understand the essence of dictatorial regimes, and such a misunderstanding led not only to the collapse of the international system, but also to the beginning of the World War II

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How to Cite
Pavlenko , V. (1) “The Munich Crisis and Collapse of the Versailles System on the Eve of World War II”, Problems of World History, (7), pp. 20-31. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2019-7-2.

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Articles
Author Biography

V. Pavlenko

Pavlenko Valeriy – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Honored Worker of Education of Ukraine, Professor of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

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