Between Two Abysses: Ukraine During the Second World War

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I. Patrylyak

Abstract

This article presents a conceptual approach to understanding the history of Ukraine during the Second World War. The author analyzes the main features of the post-Soviet Ukrainian historiography of the Second World War, indicates its positive and negative features, and offers his own scheme of the history of the Second World War in Ukraine. The researcher places the work within a global historical process in which the struggle of various competing imperialist empires whose aims included the inclusion of Ukrainian ethnic territories within their own orbits. The author also offers quite a different view of the Ukrainian liberation movement during the Second World War, representing it not as part of an anti-Nazi resistance, but as a separate alternative development of the Ukrainian people against the backdrop of competing imperialist projects: the Nazi “New Europe” and the Bolshevik “world revolution”. The author describes the Second World War as an “unfinished war” that did not bring Ukraine freedom, independence and liberation from tyranny, but rather led to the replacement of one criminal regime with another. Determining the status of Ukraine during the Second World War, the author stresses that Ukraine and the Ukrainian people can’t be positioned as either “winners” or “losers”, but only as victims of the war.

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How to Cite
Patrylyak, I. (2016) “Between Two Abysses: Ukraine During the Second World War”, Problems of World History, (1), pp. 169-182. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2016-1-10.

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Articles
Author Biography

I. Patrylyak

Patrylyak Ivan – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Dean of Faculty of History of Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University.

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