Evolution of Shiite Clergy Role in Socio-political Development of Iran

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N. Prorochenko

Abstract

The purpose of this publication is to analyze the historical, religious and socio-cultural background of the Shiite clergy place and role in the political process and the social changes in Iran in recent times. The main features of the connection between the Shiite doctrine and politics are
revealed. The author investigates the participation of the Shiite clergy in the process of building the Iranian political model. It is shown that the modern political system of Iran is characterized by the combination of Islamic principles with elements of democracy: the religion determines all spheres of life – politics, economy, culture, the clergy monitors the secular structures of power, but all the authorities are elected.
Special attention is paid to the evolution of the Iranian modern political institutions and the process of representatives views transformation in the field of the ruling religious establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the context of internal political changes and external challenges. The possibilities of preserving Islamic rule in the conditions of further modernization of society are considered.

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How to Cite
Prorochenko , N. (2019) “Evolution of Shiite Clergy Role in Socio-political Development of Iran”, Problems of World History, (7), pp. 56-72. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2019-7-5.

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Articles
Author Biography

N. Prorochenko

Prorochenko Natalya – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Senior Research Fellow, Associate Professor of Kyiv National Linguistic University.

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