Arab States of the Persian Gulf in the System of Geopolitical Changes of the Beginning of the XXI Century

Main Article Content

V. Shved

Abstract

The impact of changes in the geopolitical landscape at the global and regional levels on the development and transformation of such an important region of the Arab world as the Persian Gulf is analyzed. It is noted that the transformation processes of this region were primarily influenced by the US intervention in Iraq in 2003 and the “Arab spring” of 2010-2011. Over the past two decades, Iran has become the main rival of the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf. The tough and uncompromising confrontation with Iran mainly determines the peculiarities and aspirations of the foreign policy of these countries, the development of their integration formats and the emergence of new alliances. It is
indicated that under the influence of the events of the “Arab spring” and the need to confront Iran, a “revolution from above” is unfolding in the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf today, and large-scale reforms have begun. The prospects for creating a new military-political project “Middle East Strategic Alliance”, the possibilities and risks of normalizing relations between the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf and Israel are analyzed

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 41 | PDF Downloads: 129 |

Article Details

How to Cite
Shved, V. (2019) “Arab States of the Persian Gulf in the System of Geopolitical Changes of the Beginning of the XXI Century”, Problems of World History, (7), pp. 73-86. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2019-7-6.

Section
Articles
Author Biography

V. Shved

Shved Vyacheslav – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of History of Asia and Africa of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”.

References

Lynch M. New Arab World Order. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/08/16/new-arab-world-order-pub-77056; Muasher M. The Next Arab Uprising. The Collapse of the Authoritarianism in the Middle East. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/10/16/next-arab-uprising-collapse-of-authoritarianism-in-middle-east-pub-77512; Sokolsky R., Miller A.D.. Trump is achieving His Goal the Un-Obama, Except on Middle East Wars // USA Today. – 2019. – January 20. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2019/01/20/trump-proving-not-obama-but-likeminded-middle-east-wars-column/2605623002/

Cattler D.A. Survey of the Near East: Implications for U.S. National Security. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/a-survey-of-the-near-east-implications-for-u.s.-national-security; Henderson S. Eight Days in Middle east Puts Pompeo Diplomacy to the Test // The Hill. – 2019. – July 1. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://thehill.com/opinion/international/424102-eight-days-in-middle-east-puts-pompeos-diplomacy-to-the-test; Poss D. What Trump Means by “America First” // World Street Journal. – 2019. – January 8. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://thehill.com/ opinion/international/424102-eight-days-in-middle-east-puts-pompeos-diplomacy-to-the-test

The new geopolitics of the Middle East: America’s Role in changing region. A. Brookins Interview. Washington. Brookins edu. – 2019. – 35 p. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.brookings.edu/research/the-new-geopolitics-of-the-middle-east-americas-role-in-a-changing-region/

Diwan K.S. The GSS in Becoming More and Less than the Sum of Its Part. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://agsiw.org/gcc-becoming-more-less-sum-of-parts/

Poslannya Prezidenta Ukraїni do Verkhovnoї Radi Ukraїni do shchorіchnogo Poslannya Prezidenta Ukraїni do Verkhovnoї Radi Ukraїni «Pro vnutrіshnє і zovnіshnє stanovishche Ukraїni v 2018 r.». – K.: NІSD, 2018. – 688 s.

Shved V.O. Rada spіvrobіtnitstva arabs'kikh derzhav Pers'koї zatoki: іstorichniy rozvitok u kontekstі suchasnoї arabs'koї krizi // Problemi vsesvіtn'oї іstorії: naukoviy zhurnal. – 2018. – № 1(5). – C. 167-182.

Gutsalo S.Є. Іstorіya stvorennya mіzhnarodnikh іntegratsіynikh organіzatsіy v regіonі Bliz'kogo Skhodu v KhKh – KhKhІ st. // Gіleya. Naukoviy vіsnik, zb. nauk prats'. – 2018. – Vip. 137. – № 10. – Ch. 1. Іstorichnі nauki. – C. 108-113; Gutsalo S.Є. Іntegratsіynі protsesi v regіonі Aravіys'kogo pіvostrova і Zatoki v kontekstі borot'bi aravіys'kikh monarkhіy za єdnіst' v umovakh zmіn subregіonal'nogo prostoru // Gіleya. Naukoviy vіsnik, zb. nauk prats'. 2018. – Vip. 139. – № 12. – Ch. 1. Іstorichnі nauki. – C. 214-232.

Byman D.L. The Iranian revolution and its Legacy of terrorism. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2019/01/24/the-iranian-revolution-and-its-legacy-of-terrorism/

Al Hassan O. The GCC’s Formation: The Official Version. Aljazeera Centre for Studies, 2015, March 30. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/dossiers/ 2015/03/201533011258831763.html

The Hill: Trump Slumps Bush for “Worst single mistake” in U. S. History. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://thehill.com/hilltv/rising/407398-trump-slams-bush-for-worst-single-mistake-in-us-history

Wahba M. The Role of the Gulf Arab States in Transforming Middle East. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://agsiw.org/role-gulf-arab-states-transforming-middle-east/

Subkh M. Transformatsіynі protsesi v kraїnakh Radi spіvrobіtnitstva arabs'kikh derzhav Zatoki v umovakh globalіzatsії (2001-2010 rr.): avtoreferat disertatsії na zdobuttya naukovogo stupenya kandidata іstorichnikh nauk: spetsіal'nіst' 07.00.02. Vsesvіtnya іstorіya / Subkh Maksim Alіyovich: Diplomatichna akademіya Ukraїni pri Mіnіsterstvі zakordonnikh sprav Ukraїni, – K.; 2015. – 26 s.

Shved V.O. «Arabs'ka vesna» v transformatsіynіy dinamіtsі nadban', glukhikh kutіv і polіtichnogo dosvіdu: mіzh tsivіlіzatsіynim іdealom ta sotsіal'no-ekonomіchnim rizikom // Іstorichniy rozvitok global'noї periferії yak chinnik transformatsії suchasnoї svіtosistemi: zbіrnik naukovikh prats' / DU «Іnstitut vsesvіtn'oї іstorії NAN Ukraїni», Іnstitut Konfutsіya Kiїvs'kogo natsіonal'nogo lіngvіstichnogo unіversitetu. – K., 2016. – C. 181-206.

National Security Strategy of the United States of America. – December. – 2017. – 68 p.

Borschevskay A., Hamilton R.E., Zaloga St. Russian’s Deepening Military Involvement in Syria. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/ view/russias-deepening-military-involvement-in-syria

Ibish H. Warsaw Ministerial Highlights Challenges Facing Anti-Iran Coalition. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://agsiw.org/warsaw-ministerial-highlights-challenges-facing-anti-iran-coalition/

Ridgwell H. Transatlantic Rift Laid Bare at US Rebukes EU Allies Over Iran Deal. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.voanews.com/a/us-rebukes-eu-allies-over-iran-deal/ 4788050.html

Bіlokolos O. Bliz'kiy Skhіd і Pers'ka zatoka stabіl'nі u svoїy nestabіl'nostі // Dzerkalo tizhnya. – 2019. – Vip. 6. – 16-22 lyutogo. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://dt.ua/international/iranske-dosye-prezidenta-trampa-302965_.html

Karlin M., Cofman Wittes T. America’s Middle East Purgatory: The Case for Doing less // Foreign Affairs. – 2019. – January/February. [Elektronniy resurs] – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/middle-east/2018-12-11/americas-middle-east-purgatory?cid=otr-authors-january_february_2019-121118

Singh M. U. S. Policy in the Arabian Peninsula: An Evolution. Testimony Submitted to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. February 6, 2019. – 11 p.

Mansour M. U.S. Withdrawal, Arab NATO, and How America Can be a “Face for Good”. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/fikraforum/view/ u.s.-withdrawal-arab-nato-and-how-america-can-be-a-force-for-good1

Farouk Y. The Middle East Strategic Alliance Has A Long Way To Go. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://carnegieendowment.org/2019/02/08/middle-east-strategic-alliance-has-long-way-to-go-pub-78317

Riyadh Declaration Underlines GCC Unity in Confronting Challenges. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://aawsat.com/english/home/article/1497606/riyadh-declaration-underlines-gcc-unity-confronting-challenges

GCC Stresses Importance of Confronting Iran’s Influence. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://aawsat.com/english/home/article/1446921/gcc-stresses-importance-confronting-iran’s-influence

Israeli leader Hopes Summit Brings Arab Ties Out in The Open. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.foxnews.com/world/israeli-leader-hopes-summit-brings-arab-ties-out-in-the-open

Raxman O. What behind the relationships between Israel and Arab Gulf States? [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2019/01/28/whats-behind-the-relationship-between-israel-and-arab-gulf-states/

MBS: «Middle East can be the “new Europe”. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: http://www.arabnews.com/node/1393491/saudi-arabia