The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf: Historic Development in the Context of Modern Qatar’s Crisis

Main Article Content

V. Shved

Abstract

The article is an attempt to analyze foreign policy, security and economic preconditions of creation of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf and basic beginnings of its historical
development. Its appearance became the result of internal, regional and international processes during 70-80 years of the XX century which not only created necessary objective conditions of
appearance of the above-mentioned integration organization in the Arabian peninsula but also defined its main particularities, resistance ability and vulnerable points. The 1979 Iran Islamic revolution,
signing of the Camp David Accords, the beginning of the Iran-Iraq war, the USSR aggression in Afghanistan played a decisive role in the appearance of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The article researched the results and particularities of four periods in the development of the above-mentioned integration organization. The article pays special role to understanding of basic objective and subjective factors of the contemporary Qatar crisis and ways of its solving. The article also found out that the main reason that lead to the Qatar crisis was sharpening of serious acute competition between Saudi Arabia and Iran in the context of the Middle East region. The conclusion is made that the last 38-th summit of the Gulf Cooperation Council “freezed” for some time contemporary state of relations with Qatar, outlined principle directions of deepening of integration processes inside the Gulf Cooperation Council as well as strengthened the role of its nucleus – union of Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 80 | PDF Downloads: 16 |

Article Details

How to Cite
Shved, V. (2018) “The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf: Historic Development in the Context of Modern Qatar’s Crisis”, Problems of World History, (5), pp. 167-182. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2018-5-9.

Section
Articles
Author Biography

V. Shved

Shved Vyacheslav – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of History of Asia and Africa of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”

References

Kosach G.G., Melkumjan E.S. Sovet sotrudnychestva arabskyh gosudarstv Zalyva kak regyonal'naja voenno-polytycheskaja organyzacyja // Vestnyk Moskovskogo unyversyteta. – Ser. 25. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenyja y myrovaja polytyka. – 2012. – № 4 – S. 39-69.

The GCC’s Formation: The Official Version // Aljazeera Centre for Studies. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/dossiers/2015/03/201533011258831763.html

Gulf Cooperation Council. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://internationalrelations. org/gulf-cooperation-council/

Gregory Gause III F. The International Relations of the Persian Gulf. – Cambridge University Press, 2009. – 277 p.

What the Carter Doctrine Means to Me // Middle East Research and Information Project. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.merip.org/mer/mer90/what-carter-doctrine-means-me

Qureshi Y. Gulf Cooperation Council. Position Horizon // The Middle East. – 1982. – Vol. 35. – № 4. – R. 84-92.

Aljadani A., Fead M., Lukman R. Is a Single Currency Agenda Still Feasible in the Gulf Cooperation Council? A Qualitative Meta-Analysis // Proceedings of 11th International Business and Social Science Research Conference. 8-9 January 2015. Crowne Plaza Hotel, Dubai, UAE. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.wbiworldconpro.com/uploads/dubai-conference-2015-january/economics/1420262535_228-Aljadani.pdf

Razoux R. The New Club of Arab monarchies // The New York Times. – 2011. – June 1. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/02/opinion/02iht-edrazoux02.html

GCC Studies Jordan, Morocco Membership Bigs // Gulf News. – 2011. – May 11. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/saudi-arabia/gcc-studies-jordan-morocco-membership-bids-1.806159

Ulrichsen K.C. Domestic implications of the Arab Uprising in the Gulf / Gulf States and Arab Uprisings / Ed. by A. Echagüe. – Madrid: FRIDE and The Gulf Research Center, 2013. – P. 35-46.

Martini J., Wasser B., Kaye D.D., Egel D. The Outlook for arab Gulf Cooperation. – Santa Monica, California: RAND Corporation, 2016. – 84 p.

Kane F. Qatar standoff an opportunity to rethink GCC’s basic economic model. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.arabnews.com/node/1141111

Young K.E. Qatar Crisis Heightens Obstacles to the Economic Reform Agenda // The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.agsiw.org/qatar-crisis-heightens-obstacles-economic-reform-agenda/

Subh M.A. Transformacijni procesy v krai'nah Rady spivrobitnyctva arabs'kyh derzhav Zatoky v umovah globalizacii' (2001-2010 pp.): Avtoref. dys. … kand. ist. nauk: 07.00.02; DAU pry MZS Ukrai'ny. – K., 2015. – 26 s.

Shved V.O. «Arabs'ka vesna» v transformacijnij dynamici nadban', gluhyh kutiv i politychnogo dosvidu: mizh cyvilizacijnym idealom ta social'no-ekonomichnym ryzykom / Istorychnyj rozvytok global'noi' peryferii' jak chynnyk transformacii' suchasnoi' svitosystemy: zbirnyk naukovyh prac' / DU «Instytut vsesvitn'oi' istorii' NAN Ukrai'ny», Instytut Konfucija Kyi'vs'kogo nacional'nogo lingvistychnogo universytetu. – K., 2016. – S. 181-206.

The new Saudis. Chaos in the Middle East casts Saudi Arabia as the Arab world’s leader. But it must reform faster // The Economist. – 2015. – May 23. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://www.economist.com/leaders/2015/05/21/the-new-saudis

Ulrichsen K.C. The Politic of Economic Reform in Arabic Gulf State / Center for the Middle East. – Pice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy, 2016. – 19 p.

Coch C. Success and Shortcoming of the GCC Economic “Vision” Documents. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.arabdevelopmentportal.com/blog/success-and-shortcomings-gcc-economic-“vision”-documents

Chulov M. I will return Saudi Arabia to moderate Islam, says crown prince // The Guardian. – 2017. – October 24. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://www.theguardian.com/ world/2017/oct/24/i-will-return-saudi-arabia-moderate-islam-crown-prince

Saudi Arabia 2nd topper among G20 countries in implementing reforms to improve business climate // Saudi gazette. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://saudigazette.com.sa/article/520776/SAUDI-ARABIA/Saudi-Arabia-2nd-topper-among-G20-countries-in-implementing-reforms-to-improve-business-climate

Shved V. Katarskyj kryzys: vremja yspytanyj dlja arabskogo myra // Arabskyj myr. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://arabmir.net/node/5443

Trager E. The Muslim Brotherhood Is the Root of the Qatar Crisis // The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/ policy-analysis/view/the-muslim-brotherhood-is-the-root-of-the-qatar-crisis

Shved V.O. Katars'ka kryza // Islam vUkrai'ni. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://islam.in.ua/ua/tochka-zoru/katarska-kryza

Ygnatenko A. Ystoky y perspektyvy katarskogo kryzysa // Nezavysymaja gazeta. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.ng.ru/dipkurer/2017-10-30/9_7105_ katar.html

Cammack P. A Jekyll and Hyde Presidency // Sarnegie. Middle East Center. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/71297

Lynch M. What Saudi Arabia’s purge means for the Middle East // The Washington Post. – 2017. – Nov. 6. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/ monkey-cage/wp/2017/11/06/what-saudi-arabias-purge-means-for-the-middle-east/?noredirect= on&utm_term =.b6e00fd3133c

Henderson S. Meet the Two Princes Reshaping the Middle East // The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/ policy-analysis/view/meet-the-two-princes-reshaping-the-middle-east

Bahrain foreign minister calls for freezing Qatar out of GCC // Arab News. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.arabnews.com/node/1185361/middle-east

Dawond H. Qatar crisis rolls on // Al-Ahram. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/22828.aspx

Military option against Qatar never was, never will be an option: Quartet statement // Arab News. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.arabnews.com/node/1157706/saudi-arabia

Qatari Opposition Conference: Return to the Gulf or International Isolation // Asharq Al-Awsat. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://aawsat.com/english/home/article/1024916/ qatari-opposition-conference-return-gulf-or-international-isolation

Qatar’s Sheikh Sultan bin Sunami Al Thani joins calls for meeting to end Gulf crisis // Arab News. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.arabnews.com/node/1163641/ middle-east

Abdullah Al Thani Calls on Qataris to Convene to Set Record Straight // Asharq Al-Awsat. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://aawsat.com/english/home/article/1027286/ abdullah-al-thani-calls-qataris-convene-set-record-straight

UAE’s Gargash says Qatar isolation could last for year // Arab News. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.arabnews.com/node/1117356/middle-east

Jubeir: There is no harm if Qatar crisis continues for two more years // Al-Arabiya English. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/gulf/2017/09/05/ Saudi-FM-Iran-s-statement-about-reconciliation-is-ridiculous-html

Aluwaisheg A.A. GCC agrees further integration at annual summit // Arab News. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.arabnews.com/node/1210641

UAE and Saudis form new partnership separate from GCC // Aljazeera. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/uae-saudi-arabia-form-political-partnership-171205075923016.html