The Place of Politics in the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad: the History of the Issue from al-Karafi to the Ideologists of the Islamic revolution in Iran

Main Article Content

Abstract

The article analyzes one of the fundamental issues of Islamic political thought - the origin of the military-political actions of the Prophet Muhammad. This is an issue that has been the subject of serious debate and controversy among Muslim thinkers for many centuries. The author compares two opposing points of view of Muslim scholars of different eras on this issue.


According to the first – the political decisions of the Prophet Muhammad must be perceived as the fruit of revelation, according to the second – they are still the result of a bright political talent. Having decided on the arguments of each of the parties and as an arbiter, the author turns to the Holy Quran. Various examples from the scriptures of Muslims lead to the conclusion that political and military decisions made as a result of revelation occupy a significant place in the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad. However, the author cites the example of a case when the Prophet Muhammad made important military-political decisions at his own discretion or as a result of a meeting with his companions.


Summarizing the examples, taking into account the lessons of Islamic history and the modern political process, the author comes to the conclusion that the fundamental principles of Islamic rule established by the Prophet Muhammad are of Quranic origin, and they are mandatory for Muslim leaders. Guided by these principles, Muslim leaders are free to make decisions in one form or another, depending on the prevailing circumstances. The Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad reflect the principles and essence of Islamic politics. External forms are seen as a changeable phenomenon, and in traditional Islamic discourse, the interest in understanding them is usually not so great.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 58 | PDF Downloads: 29 |

Article Details

How to Cite
Amirov, E. (2021) “The Place of Politics in the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad: the History of the Issue from al-Karafi to the Ideologists of the Islamic revolution in Iran”, Problems of World History, (15), pp. 172-192. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2021-15-9.

Section
Articles
Author Biography

E.G. Amirov

Amirov Eldar Gurban oglu – Doctor of Philosophy in Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Research Laboratory “Center for Russian Studies” of the Azerbaijan University of Languages, Head of the Secretariat of the President of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan.

References

The Quran. (2019). Moskva: Ripol Klassik, 2019 [In Russian].

Al-Ghazali (2014). Tematicheskie kommentarii k Koranu (V 3 chastyakh). Chast’ tret’ya [Thematic commentaries on the Qur'an. (In 3 parts). Part three.]. Baku: CBS. [In Russian].

İbn Hisam (2007). Jizneopisaniye Proroka Muhammada [Biography of the Prophet Muhammad]. Moskva: Umma. [In Russian].

Khomeyni, R.M. (1999). Religioznoe i politicheskoe zaveshanie [Religious and political testament]. Put k svobode. Rechi i zaveshanie [Path to freedom. Speeches and testaments]. Moskva: Paleya. [In Russian].

Prozorov, S.M. (1991). (eds). İslam: Ensyklopedicheskiy slovar [Islam: Encyclopedic Dictionary]. Moskva: İzd-vo Vostocnoy literaturi. [In Russian].

Ayatullah Seyid Ali Khamanei (2016). 250 yaslı insan. 14 masumun siyasi hayat ve mubarizesine dair chixislardan shecmeler. Tarcuma T.Abbasov. Baki, Nurlar. [In Azeri].

İbn Saad (2014). Kitabul – Tabakatul Khabir. II cilt. (Rasulullahın Gazve ve Seriyyeleri). Cheviri: M.Polat. İstanbul: Siyar Yayınları. [In Turkish].

Abd-al Hamid Abu Suleyman (2011). Krizhis musulmanskoqo razuma [The crisis of the Muslim mind]. Baku: CBS. [In Russian].

Amirov, E.G. Razmishleniya o politiceskov nasledii proroka Muhammada: fakti protiv domislov i stereotipov [Reflections on the Political Legacy of the Prophet Muhammad: Facts Against Stereotypes and Conjectures]. [Online.]. Available from: https://1news.az/news/ 20171229030858380-Razmyshleniya-o-politicheskom-nasledii-proroka-Mukhammada-s-a-s-Fakty-protiv-stereotipov-i-domyslov [In Russian].

Djasser, A. (2015). Tseli shariata (Makasid –as-Sharia) [Objectives of Sharia (Makasid Ash-Sharia)]. Moskva: İzd. dom Marjani. [In Russian].

İgnatenko, A.A. (1989). Khalifı bez khalifata. İslamskie Nepravitelstvennie religiozno-politiceskie organizacii na Blishnem Vostoke: istoriya, idelogiya, deyatelnost [Caliphs without a Caliphate. Islamic non-governmental religious and political organizations in the Middle East: history, ideology, activities]. Moskva: İzd-vo Nauka. [In Russian].

Kepel, J. (2004). Cihad. Ekspansiya i zakat islamizma [Jihad. Expansion and decline of Islamism]. Moskva: Ladomir. [In Russian].

Murtazin, M.F. (2009). Sootnoshenie religii i politiki v ucenii İslama i praktike musulmanskix stran na primere İslamskoy Respubliki İran [The relationship between religion and politics in the teachings of Islam and the practice of Muslim countries on the example of the Islamic Republic of Iran]. Tridtsat let Islamskoy revolyucii v İrane (Sbornik statey rossiyskikh i iranskikh uchenykh) [Thirty years of the Islamic revolution in Iran (Collection of articles by Russian and Iranian scientists)]. Moskva: Drofa. [In Russian].

Muhammad Sadik Muhammad Yusuf. (2008). Prava cheloveka v İslame [Human rights in Islam]. Sankt-Peterburg: Dilya. [In Russian].

Shauki Abu Khalil. (2010). Atlas Korana [Atlas of the Quran]. Sankt-Peterburg: Dilya. [In Russian].

Amara Muhammed (2011). İslam metodologiyasının hususiyyetleri. Bakı: CBS. [In Azeri].

Ahmad Muhammad Sharif (2011). İslama yeni bakhis. Bakı: CBS. [In Azeri].

Hamidullah, M. (2002). Peygamberin shavaslari. İstanbul: Beyan Yayınları. [In Turkish].