Ukrainian Intelligence in 1917-1921: Formation of Civil Position

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Abstract

The article analyzes the activities of the Ukrainian intelligentsia in 1917-1921. The author aims to determine the achievements and losses received by the Ukrainian scientific intelligentsia during 1917-1921. Attention is paid to their contribution to the development of science and culture of the period when the regimes in the Ukrainian lands were constantly changing and power passed from one to another. At the same time, the policies of these regimes differed radically depending on the foreign policy orientation and program principles of their leaders. At the same time, the Ukrainian intelligentsia reacted differently to the change of government. It was made an attempt to divide representatives of the Ukrainian intelligentsia into groups in accordance with their ideological and ideological orientation. The impact of political changes on key branches of science and culture is explored. It is determined that, on the one hand, the position of scientific institutions was unsatisfactory while cultural branches were revived and developed actively.


The article is written using the principle of systematization, methods of comparison and generalization, structuring and analysis. The scientific novelty of the study is justified by the determination of the factors that influenced the formation of scientific and cultural interpretations of the future existence of the Ukrainian intelligentsia during the Ukrainian revolution on the basis of analyzed historiography and archival materials, as well as identifying major achievements and errors in this information and worldview. The author emphasizes the importance of further scientific research of the problem, because today, despite a certain existing block of work on the topic, there are issues that need further study and reinterpretation.

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How to Cite
Shevchyk, T. (2022) “Ukrainian Intelligence in 1917-1921: Formation of Civil Position ”, Problems of World History, (17), pp. 98-109. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2022-17-4.

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Articles
Author Biography

T. Shevchyk

Shevchuk Tetyana – Ph.D. in History, Associated Professor of National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorskiy Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”

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