The Ideal of Western Democracy and Law State as a Conceptual Basis for the Formation of National Political Interests

Main Article Content

O. Chmorgun


The proposition that modern western democracy is a point of intersection of modern political, economic and national interests is substantiated. In particular in the process of becoming a capitalist
society, the political interests of the “middle class”, which are realized primarily through collegial legislative bodies in opposition to the institutions of feudal absolutism and despotism, were
inextricably linked with economic interests – mass interest in the creation of ground foundations of free competition, as shown in the article, formed the political interests of the general population and
became a necessary prerequisite for the emergence of Western political democracy that arose as a result of great European and American bourgeois social revolutions.
At the same time it is shown that the antimonarchical system of separation of powers based on the mechanism of “checks and balances”, the introduction of the principle of equality before the law
contribute to the realization of the ideal of the state “night watchman” and, thus, activate the process of becoming national markets; it was thanks to these political institutions and the emergence of civil
society that guaranteed the assertion of inalienable rights and freedoms and the filling of political interests with democratic content as one of the most important components of a modern law state that
the advanced capitalist countries pushed. That is why the famous “Declaration of the Rights of Freedom of Man and Citizen”, which refers to the powerful motives of activity in the political realm of
citizens of the law state proclaims that the “source of sovereign power is the nation”. It is also proved that the extremely negative impact on the democratization of the Ukrainian statehood and the development of a market economy, which made possible the Russian aggression against Ukraine, makes the current dismantling by the leading EU and US countries a model of a social state and a “mixed economy”, which has consequently become the next financial world crisis. In turn, the steady increase in global instability and the presence of a powerful comprador fifth column in Ukraine, require the formation of political institutions and mechanisms in our country that ensure maximum consideration and realization of political interests of nationally conscious citizens through an effective model of presidentialism, which all these years is only being imitated in our country. In the light of the world experience, a number of systemic characteristics of such a form of political government and a consistent democratic social order have been analyzed.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 78 | PDF Downloads: 85 |

Article Details

How to Cite
Chmorgun, O. (2019) “The Ideal of Western Democracy and Law State as a Conceptual Basis for the Formation of National Political Interests”, Problems of World History, (9), pp. 9-33. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2019-9-1.

Author Biography

O. Chmorgun

Shmorgun Oleksandr – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Leading Research Fellow of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”.


Avtonomov V. Model' cheloveka v эkonomycheskoj nauke. – SPb: «Ekonomycheskaja shkola», 1998. – 230 s.

Held D. The Models of Democracy. – Cambridge: Polity Press, 1987. – 408 r.

Demokratija: Antologija. – K.: Smoloskyp, 2005. – XXVIII, 1108 s.

Interesy // Encyklopedija politychnoi' dumky / Per. z angl. – K.: Duh i Litera, 2000. – 472 s.

Laval' K. Chelovek эkonomycheskyj. Эsse o proyshozhdenyy neolyberalyzma. – M.: Novoe lyteraturnoe obozrenye, 2010. – 432 s.

Atkinson M., Coleman W. Strong States and Weak States: Sectoral Policy Networks in Advanced Capitalist Economies // British Journal of Political Science. – 1989. – Vol. 14. – № 1. – P. 47-67.

Morgentau H.I. Politicals Among Nations: The Stuggle for Power and Peace. – 5th ed., rev. – N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978. – XXVII, 650 p.

Hobhaus L. Lyberalyzm // O svobode. Antologyja myrovoj lyberal'noj mыsly (I polovyna XX veka) / sost.: M.A. Abramov, M.M. Fedorova; otv. red.: M.A. Abramov; Yn-t fylosofyy RAN. – M.: Progress - Tradycyja, 2000. – 694 s.

Shmorgun O. Moderni etnonacional'ni procesy: potencial antykryzovogo rozvytku Ukrai'ny // Problemy vsesvitn'oi' istorii'. – 2016. – № 2. – S. 30-49.

Almond G., Flanagan S. and Mundt R. (eds.) Stories of Political Development // Crisis, Choice, and Change: Historical. – Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1973. – Vol. 7 – № 1 (Jan., 1977). – P. 99-113.

Shmorgun O. Postekonomichni cinnosti v konteksti poshuku kreatyvno-mobilizacijnyh motyvacij suspil'nogo rozvytku chasu // Suchasni jevropejs'ki kul'turno istorychni cinnosti v konteksti vyklykiv globalizacii'. – K.: Feniks, 2014. – S. 82-104.

Lipset S. The Social Requisites of Democracy Revisited. 1993. Presidential Address // American Sociological Review. – 1994. – Vol. 59. – № 1. – R. 1-22.

Shmorgun O. Vsesvitn'o-istorychni trendy: porjatunok chy katastrofa?! // Problemy vsesvitn'oi' istorii'. – 2018. – № 1(5). – S. 17-36.

Socyal'naja Evropa v HHI veke / Pod red. M.V. Kargalovoj – M.: Yzdatel'stvo «Ves' Myr», 2011. – S. 71-173.

Shmorgun O. Osnovnyj Zakon: garantija zakonnosti chy osnova bezzakonnja? [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu:

Shmorgun O. Jevroatlantychni modeli prezydentalizmu i demokratyzacija ukrai'ns'koi' vlady: politologichnyj vymir // SShA i svit HH stolittja. – K.: Centr vil'noi' presy, 2013. – S. 315-331.

Shmorgun O. Elitarnyj vymir demokratii': problema avtorytarnogo liderstva // Elita: vytoky, sutnist', perspektyva. – K.: T-vo «Znannja» Ukrai'ny, 2011. – S. 343-414.

Shmorgun O. Innovacijna strategija pobudovy politychnoi' vlady v Ukrai'ni // Fenomen innovacii': osvita, suspil'stvo, kul'tura. – K.: Pedagogichna dumka, 2008. – S. 305-417.

Axelrod R. Conflict of Interests. – Chicago: Markman, 1970. – 216 r.

Shmorgun O. Cinnisno-svitogljadni vymiry rozvytku zahidnoi' cyvilizacii' za doby Novogo chasu // Suchasni jevropejs'ki kul'turno istorychni cinnosti v konteksti vyklykiv globalizacii'. – K.: Feniks, 2014, – S. 66-82.

KVU nazvav kil'kist' ukrai'ns'kyh partij, jaki vkazaly nul'ovi vytraty u finzvitnosti. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu:

Kaase K., Marsh A. Political Action Repetory // Political action: Mass Participation in Five Western Demoracies / Eds. by S. Barnes, M. Kaase. – Beverly Hills: London, 1979. – P. 153-155.