Legal Aspects of Filtering and Determining the Status of German Refugees Evacuated from the USSR by German Authorities in 1943-1944

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V. Martynenko

Abstract

During autumn 1943 – spring 1944, a planned evacuation of the German population was carried out from the occupied Soviet regions. This contingent was temporarily housed in special camps in
Germany, the General Government and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Following the established procedure, all evacuated Germans from the USSR were subjected to mandatory checks by
the Central Immigration Office. According to its results, the decision about naturalization was made. Camp filtration was a complex procedure based on the doctrinal principles of Nazi ideology. It
allowed to determine both the level of ethnocultural identity and the racial characteristics of each refugee. The legal basis of filtration was different orders, disposals, and prescriptions of several
authorities that were part of the SS apparatus. Although the German authorities tried not to deviate from the basic principles of this procedure, it was still forced to take into account that the contingent
who came from the USSR had certain socio-cultural characteristics: first, the national identity of many Germans was at a rather low level and secondly, among evacuees (mainly through mixed marriages)
there was a significant percentage of people that belonged to other nationalities.

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How to Cite
Martynenko, V. (2019) “Legal Aspects of Filtering and Determining the Status of German Refugees Evacuated from the USSR by German Authorities in 1943-1944”, Problems of World History, (9), pp. 113-128. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2019-9-5.

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Author Biography

V. Martynenko

Martynenko Volodymyr – Ph.D. in History, Post-graduate of M.S. Grushevsky Institute of Ukrainian Archeography and Source Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

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