CONFUCIAN PRINCIPLES IN THE CHINESE HISTORY AND MODERNIZATION PROCESSES OF THE LAST QUARTER OF XX CENTURY

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Vira Сhzen

Abstract

China’s new course has been targeted at operating the policy of “reforms and openness” since 1978. At the same time, the social-cultural, world-view and ethical categories inherent to Confucianism have been gradually implemented into China’s state ideology. This article deals with the evolution of categories which appeared in Ancient China and were incorporated into a distinct system within Confucianism and which have been currently co-opted into domestic and foreign policies of the Chinese state. The reasons of returning to the teaching which was formed in the epoch of Ancient China and which defined the ways of China’s development for millennia are analyzed in the article. Special attention is paid to eliciting of the modernization potential of the Confucian doctrine and its relevance under the modern conditions. The author comes to the conclusion that correspondence of the moral and ethical nucleus of Confucius’ teaching to the aims and tasks of the modern society allowed to rehabilitate this teaching at the present state of China’s development and to take it as the basis of social communication and state management.

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How to Cite
СhzenV. (2017) “CONFUCIAN PRINCIPLES IN THE CHINESE HISTORY AND MODERNIZATION PROCESSES OF THE LAST QUARTER OF XX CENTURY”, Problems of World History, (4), pp. 138-147. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2017-4-9.

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Author Biography

Vira Сhzen

Сhzen Vira – Head of the Department of Oriental Languages of the Kyiv Gymnasium of Oriental Languages № 1.

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