Experience of Postsocialist Transformation in the Slovak Republic

Main Article Content

I. Tkachenko


In the article the experience of post-socialist transformation in the Slovak Republic after the Velvet Revolution and gaining of independence after the collapse of Czechoslovakia in 1993 was examined. The process of reforming of the society and state, the transition from the communist to the western model of economy, the role of public sector on the path to EU and NATO accession were investigated. It was defined that the reforming of authorities, society and the state, which had already begun in the common state of Czechs and Slovaks under the leadership of V. Havel in 1990-1992, had a great value for the formation of independent Slovakia, because, despite some differences, the European destination became a key point which determined the process of accelerated modernization and the transition from planned socialism to a free market relation. It was determined that the «peaceful divorce» with Czech Republic had become one of the most important steps on the way for successful European integration of Slovakia.

The key role of civil society in the transforming of Slovak state and overcoming the negative consequences of the dominance of communist ideology on the path of European and Euro Atlantic integration was represented. The public sector has become a driving force that guided Slovak society towards accelerated modernization in 1998-2006. It was shown the process of struggle of the European choice supporters with pro-Russian policy of V. Meciar, whose period should be generally considered as a «Slovak kuchmism». The final victory of pro-European forces in the 1998 elections led to the acceleration of modernization processes in Slovakia, implementation of required changes in society and state managing necessary for EU and NATO accession.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 19 | PDF Downloads: 7 |

Article Details

How to Cite
Tkachenko, I. (2020) “Experience of Postsocialist Transformation in the Slovak Republic”, Problems of World History, (12), pp. 168-185. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2020-12-9.

Author Biography

I. Tkachenko

Tkachenko Ihor – Ph.D. in History, Leading Research Fellow of the Sector of Social Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.


Lohinov, Ya. (2010). Ukraina-Slovachchyna: dovhyi shliakh vid baiduzhosti do partnerstva [Ukraine-Slovakia: a long way from indifference to partnership] [Online]. Dzerkalo tyzhnia. Ukraina [Mirror of the week. Ukraine]. № 10. 19 bereznia. Avaliable from: http://gazeta.dt.ua/archives/818 [In Ukrainian].

Siruk, M. Yak u Slovachchyni podolaly “kuchmizm”: uroky dlia Ukrainy [How to overcome “Kuchism” in Slovakia: lessons for Ukraine] [Online]. Den [Day]. Avaliable from: www.day.kiev.ua/uk/print/332587 [In Ukrainian].

Kish, Ye. (2008). Tsentralna Yevropa v suchasnii systemi yevrorehionalnoi intehratsii [Central Europe in the modern system of Euroregional integration]. Uzhhorod: Lira. [In Ukrainian].

Kliuchkovych, A. Osoblyvosti rozvytku partiinoi systemy Slovachchyny v konteksti suspilno-politychnykh transformatsii kintsia XX – pochatku XXI st. [Peculiarities of the development of the party system of Slovakia in the context of socio-political transformations of the late XX – early XXI centuries]. [Online]. Avaliable from: http://archive.nbuv.gov.ua/ portal/natural/Nvuu/PSF/2009_11/Klyuchkovych.pdf [In Ukrainian].

Kudriachenko, A. (2010). Ukraina i Vyshehradska chetvirka: stan ta perspektyvy spivpratsi [Ukraine and the Visegrad Four: the state and prospects of cooperation]. In: Ukraina ta Vyshehradska chetvirka: na shliakhu do vzaiemovyhidnykh vidnosyn [Ukraine and the Visegrad Four: on the way to mutually beneficial relations]. (Pp. 37-53). Bratyslava. [In Ukrainian].

Chernyk, P. (2009). Ukraina v heopolitychnykh kontseptsiiakh Chekhii ta Slovachchyny XX st. [Ukraine in the geopolitical concepts of the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the XX century]. Ukrainska natsionalna ideia: realii ta perspektyvy rozvytku [Ukrainian national idea: realities and prospects of development], 21, pp. 172-179. [In Ukrainian].

Nations in Transit 2007: Democratization from Central Europe to Eurasia. New York: Freedom House. [In English].

Public employment in European Union member states (2010) [Online]. Ministry of the Presidency. Madrid. Avaliable from: URL: http://www.dgaep.gov.pt/upload/RI_estudos%20 Presid%C3%AAncias/Public_Employment_EUMS.pdf [In English]

(2008). The Third Sector in Europe: Prospects and challenges. New York. [In English].

Kopiika, V. (2005). Yevropeiskyi Soiuz: Dosvid rozshyrennia i Ukraina [The European Union: The Enlargement Experience and Ukraine]. Kyiv: Yurydychna dumka. [In Ukrainian].

Vovkanych, I. & Sviezhentseva, O. (2011). Osoblyvosti postsotsialistychnoi transformatsii v Cheskii Respublitsi v 90-kh rr. XX st. [Features of post-socialist transformation in the Czech Republic in the 90s of the XX century]. Slovianskyi visnyk [Slavic Herald], 11, pp. 12-16. [In Ukrainian].

Pidlutskyi, O. Vatslav Havel: intelektual, yakyi zdolav Absurdystan [Vaclav Havel: an intellectual who defeated Absurdistan] [Online]. Dzerkalo tyzhnia. Ukraina [Mirror of the week. Ukraine]. Avaliable from: http://gazeta.dt.ua/SOCIETY/vatslav_gavel_intelektual,_yakiy_ zdolav_absurdistan.html [In Ukrainian].

Rudych, F. (2007). Politychni lidery i stratehii reform u krainakh Tsentralnoi i Skhidnoi Yevropy [Political leaders and reform strategies in Central and Eastern Europe]. Politychnyi menedzhment [Political management], 2, pp. 33-34. [In Ukrainian].

Yanchuk, L. Rol “Vyshehradskoi solidarnosti” u zovnishnopolitychnii diialnosti Slovatskoi Respubliky (1989-2004 rr.) [The role of “Visegrad Solidarity” in the foreign policy of the Slovak Republic (1989-2004)] [Online]. Avaliable from: http://histans.com/JournALL/mo/mo_ 2010_19/11.pdf [In Ukrainian].

Evans, G. & Whitefield, S. (1993). Identifying the Bases of Party Competition in Eastern Europe. British Journal of Political Science, 4, (23), pp. 521-548. [In English]. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007123400006712

Yanchuk, L. Yevropeys’ka intehratsiya Slovatsʹkoyi Respubliky (1993-2004 rr.) [European integration of the Slovak Republic (1993-2004)] [Online]. Avaliable from: http://histans.com/JournALL/green/11/31.pdf. [In Ukrainian].

Yanchuk, L. Dosvid realizatsii Yevrointehratsiinoi stratehii Slovatskoi Respubliky [Experience in implementing the European Integration Strategy of the Slovak Republic][Online]. Avaliable from: http://histans.com/LiberUA/Book/minzv/14.pdf [In Ukrainian].

De Hoog, R.H. &Racanska, L. (2003). The Role of the Nonprofit Sector Amid Political Change: Contrasting Approaches to Slovakian Civil Society [Online]. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 3, 14, pp. 263-282. Avaliable from: http://link.springer.com /article/10.1023/A:1025627302903# [In English]. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1025627302903

Slovatskyi shliakh do NATO [Slovakia’s path to NATO] [Online]. Avaliable from: http://spetskor.dp.ua/art_803.php [In Ukrainian].