US Foreign Policy at the Initial Stage of the Cold War

Main Article Content

D. Puhachova-Lakishyk


The article examines the formation of the main directions of the US foreign policy strategy at the beginning of the Cold War. The focus is on determining the vectors of the United States in relation to the spatial priorities of the US foreign policy, the particular interests in the respective regions, the content of means and methods of influence for the realization of their own geopolitical interests. It is argued that the main regions that the United States identified for itself in the early postwar years were Europe, the Middle and Far East, and the Middle East and North Africa were the peripheral ones (attention was also paid to Latin America). It is stated that the most important priorities of American foreign policy were around the perimeter of the zone of influence of the USSR, which entered the postwar world as an alternative to the US center  of power. Attention is also paid to US foreign policy initiatives such as the Marshall Plan and the 4th Point Program, which have played a pivotal role in
shaping American foreign policy in the postwar period.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 31 | PDF Downloads: 87 |

Article Details

How to Cite
Lakishyk, D. and Puhachova-Lakishyk, D. (1) “US Foreign Policy at the Initial Stage of the Cold War”, Problems of World History, (7), pp. 32-44. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2019-7-3.

Author Biographies

D. Lakishyk

Lakishyk Dmytro – Ph.D. in History, Senior Research Fellow, Senior Research Fellow of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”.

D. Puhachova-Lakishyk

Puhachova-Lakishyk Darya – Ph.D. in Political Sciences, Research Fellow of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”.


Gaddis J.L. The Cold War: A New History. – Penguin Books, 2006. – 352 r.

Kissindzher G. Yadernoe oruzhie i vneshnyaya politika. – M.: Izdatel'stvo inostrannoy literatury, 1959. – 511 s.

The Balfour Declaration. November 2, 1917. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

The Anglo-Egyptian Alliance Treaty 1936. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry. – Chapter I. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

Nachmani A. Great Power Discord in Palestine: The Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry Into the Problems of European Jewry and Palestine 1945-46. – Routledge, 2005. – 296 r. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

U.N. General Assembly Resolution 181. November 29, 1947. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

The United States and the Recognition of Israel: A Chronology. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

Mezhdunarodnye ekonomicheskie otnosheniya / Pod red. d.e.n., prof. N.N. Lyubimova. – M.: IMO, 1957. – 444 s.

Subbotin V.A. Velikobritaniya i ee kolonii. Tropicheskaya Afrika v 1918-1960 gg. – M.: Nauka, Glavnaya redaktsiya vost. lit-ry, 1992. – 278 s.

Grandin G. Empires Workshop: Latin America, the United States and the Rise of the New Imperialism. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2006. – 316 p.

Marshall Plan Speech. June 1947. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

Hogan M.J. Blueprint for Recovery // The Marshall Plan Investment in Peace-50th Anniversary U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Germany. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu: Plan_A_Blueprint_for_Recovery.pdf

Dzhordzh K. Marshall. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

Orlov A.S. Taynaya bitva sverkhderzhav. – M.: Veche, 2000. – 480 s.

Microeconomic Development and Social Enterprise in Ukraine: A “Marshall Plan” for Ukraine – Part Two. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

Sakva R. Novyy atlantizm // Rossiya v global'noy politike. – 2015. – № 5. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

Potekhin A.V. Diplomatiya SShA v Vostochnoy Evrope. 1945-1950 gg. – K.: Naukova dumka, 1991. – 140 s.

Kissindzher G. Diplomatiya. – M.: Ladomir, 1997. – 850 s.

Halberstam D. The Fifties. – New York: Ballantine Books, 1993. – 816 r.

Sparkman J. Checks and Balances in American Foreign Policy // Indiana Law Journal. [Elektronniy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupu:

Bzhezinskiy Z. Velikaya shakhmatnaya doska. – M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 1999. – 256 s.