Main Article Content
The publication consists of the two parts. The first one has the characteristic features of the premier Constitution of Australia, which at that historical period, had to be considered as an intervening stage to obtain targeting independence and sovereignty so urgently strived for by that country. The key purpose for the country forming matter of the foregoing basic statute book was to ensure a juridical versatility of the machinery of the new state. The main plot of this principal legal document seemed to point out the presence of a certain dilemma along with its subjectly indexed initially forming constituents.
Their first part was of an juridical content. The Constitution of Switzerland was chosen as an optional example and exposed it in the form of a full-scaled replica for the basic principal law of the above-mentioned country. The second part of it was lavishly marked with its clear-cut specific and historical character and called upon to faithfully reproduce a certain «safety cushion» to ensure successfully achieved harmony in operating the whole mechanism of the State government.
The second part of the publication is dedicated to the historical activity of forming and developing of a certain rationally consistent formal and informal institutions as well as their impact on specific and historical determining elements to construct a new country in the Southern continent.
So, as it is known, politics as a fundamental stuff of art gatherings inside all possible potentials define primarily means and resources of an entire compromise. And due to that its basic political model preferred by authoritative commanding establishment appeared to be as a perfect tool for veritable consensus. So, the mentioned pattern had been originated and settled with “a political treasure house” as well as being received by the Australian liberals as an inheritage from their British counterparts. And starting from that historical period and onwards among other rhetorical earnings of the local authoritative officers there had been occurring a firm political credo: “We’re always ready to make a compromise!”.
And therefore the whole number of parties as well as the entire Australian political milieu, over the first decade of the XX-th century, inspite of all rather sharp confrontations among liberals, laborites, conservatives, social reformers, socialists and others, had also been keeping on to follow almost half of a century long historically lasted tour. And all that was performed to the key official political course responsive to the State’s national interests.
| Abstract views: 52 | PDF Downloads: 29 |
Lukovnikova, Z.I. (eds) (1960). Konstitutsii gosudarstv Yugo-Vostochnoy Azii i Tikhogo okeana: Teksty konstitutsiy i konstitutsionnykh aktov [Constitutions of the states of South-East Asia and the Pacific: Texts of constitutions and constitutional acts]. Moskva: Izd. inostr. lit. [In Russian].
Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, King’s Colleges. London, 2000; Menzies Memorial lecture, Great Hall, King’s College. London, Tuesday, 4th July 2000; The Hon Justice Michael Kirby AC CMG “The Australian Referendum on a Republic – Ten lessons”. A centenary reflection on the Australian constitution: the republic referendum, 1999. [In English]. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8497.00111
Buchanan, A. (1907). The Real Australia. London. [In English].
Deakin, A. (1968). Federated Australia. Selections from the Letters to the Morning Post 1900-1910. Cambridge University Press. [In English].
(1911). The Quarterly Review. London, October. [In English].
(1975). Australia. Social and Political History. Sydney. [In English].
Norris, R. (1975). The Emergent Commonwealth: Australian Federation, Expectations and Fulfilment, 1889-1910. Carlton: Melbourne University Press. [In English]. https://doi.org/10.1111/aehr.172br5
Hagan, J. (1986). Australian Trade Unionism in Documents. Melbourne. [In English].
(1907). The Quarterly Review. London, April. [In English].
(1976). The Australian Labour Party and Federal Politics. A Documentary Survey. Carlton. [In English].
(1901). Australia. Parliamentary Debates. Senate and House of Representatives. Canberra. Vol. 2. [In English].
The People 13. February; The Clarion. 1907, 18 January; 1 February. [In English].
Nort, D. (1997). Instituty, institutsional’nyye izmeneniya i funktsional’nyye ekonomiki [Institutions, institutional change and functional economics]. Moskva: Nachala. [In Russian].
Artem (F.A. Sergeyev) (1983). Stat’i, rechi, pis’ma [Articles, speeches, letters.]. Moskva: Politizdat. [In Russian].
Spence, W.G. (1909). Australia’s Awakening. Sidney. [In English].
Ellis, U. (1963). A History of the Australian Country Party. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. [In English].
Fitzpatrick, B. (1951). The Australian People 1788-1945. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. [In English].
Kelly, P. (1992). The End of Century. Sidney. [In English].