An Australia`s Quest For Own Political Diversity: An Inside View (late the XIX-th – early the XX-th Centuries)

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I. Khyzhnyak

Abstract

The publication consists of the two parts. The first one has the characteristic features of the premier Constitution of Australia, which at that historical period, had to be considered as an intervening stage to obtain targeting independence and sovereignty so urgently strived for by that country. The key purpose for the country forming matter of the foregoing basic statute book was to ensure a juridical versatility of the machinery of the new state. The main plot of this principal legal document seemed to point out the presence of a certain dilemma along with its subjectly indexed initially forming constituents.


Their first part was of an juridical content. The Constitution of Switzerland was chosen as an optional example and exposed it in the form of a full-scaled replica for the basic principal law of the above-mentioned country. The second part of it was lavishly marked with its clear-cut specific and historical character and called upon to faithfully reproduce a certain «safety cushion» to ensure successfully achieved harmony in operating the whole mechanism of the State government.


The second part of the publication is dedicated to the historical activity of forming and developing of a certain rationally consistent formal and informal institutions as well as their impact on specific and historical determining elements to construct a new country in the Southern continent.


So, as it is known, politics as a fundamental stuff of art gatherings inside all possible potentials define primarily means and resources of an entire compromise. And due to that its basic political model preferred by authoritative commanding establishment appeared to be as a perfect tool for veritable consensus. So, the mentioned pattern had been originated and settled with “a political treasure house” as well as being received by the Australian liberals as an inheritage from their British counterparts. And starting from that historical period and onwards among other rhetorical earnings of the local authoritative officers there had been occurring a firm political credo: “We’re always ready to make a compromise!”.


And therefore the whole number of parties as well as the entire Australian political milieu, over the first decade of the XX-th century, inspite of all rather sharp confrontations among liberals, laborites, conservatives, social reformers, socialists and others, had also been keeping on to follow almost half of a century long historically lasted tour. And all that was performed to the key official political course responsive to the State’s national interests.

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How to Cite
Khyzhnyak, I. (2020) “An Australia`s Quest For Own Political Diversity: An Inside View (late the XIX-th – early the XX-th Centuries)”, Problems of World History, (12), pp. 87-99. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2020-12-5.

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Articles
Author Biography

I. Khyzhnyak

Khyzhnyak Igor – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Chief Research Fellow of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”, Academician of the Ukrainian Academy of Political Sciences.

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