Counter-Phase of International Order Сonsolidation

Main Article Content


The article examines the problems and prospects of the consolidation of the international order. The thesis that the global systemic crisis is a counter phase or a crisis of consolidation of the international order, which must be overcome by the joint efforts of participants of international relations in order to maintain the stability of the international system and prevent its destruction, is justified. The sustainable development of the modern international system depends on the consolidation of participants in the international order and the deepening of constructive cooperation between its participants.

The interconnectedness of numerous crises leads to the intensification of the global system crisis. Its presence is a logical result of the global development of the system of international relations. Among the main elements of the global system crisis one can distinguish the financial crisis, economic crisis, environmental crisis, demographic crisis, global governance crisis, security crisis, energy crisis, global climate crisis. The inability of participants of the international system to regulate global crisis is evidence of a global governance crisis. All these crises, as the most important elements of the global system crisis, shape its structure, reflect its essence and make it holistic.

The combination of interdependent crises complicates the overcoming of the global system crisis and strengthens it. Therefore, the global governance crisis is both the cause and the consequence of the global system crisis, which in turn indicates the turbulent state of the international system, in which it is impossible to clearly determine its further development.

It is proved that the inability of the participants of the international system to consolidate themselves in accordance with the scale of global political transformations is one of the reasons for the emergence and deepening of the global systemic crisis. The presence of a complex of global crisis phenomena and the lack of effective institutional mechanisms to overcome them in synergetic unity reinforce the effect of each other, which deepens the global systemic crisis. Overcoming it depends on the degree of consolidation of the international order, which aims to improve the mechanisms of global governance of the international system. The basis of a consolidated international order could be a reformed UN with expanded powers or another global international organization. The global systemic crisis requires the search for tools and factors that will help to stabilize socio-economic and political relations and to rethink the forms and mechanisms of effective global governance.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 18 | PDF Downloads: 5 |

Article Details

How to Cite
Fesenko, M. (2021) “Counter-Phase of International Order Сonsolidation”, Problems of World History, (14), pp. 7-25. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2021-14-1.

Author Biography

M. Fesenko

Fesenko Mykola – Doctor of Political Sciences, Senior Research Fellow, Leading Research Fellow of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”.


Pridham, G. (2000). Dynamics of Democratization. London and New York: Continuum. [In English].

Hintba, I. (2009). Konsolidaciya demokratii: sushchnost’, faktory, modeli. [Consolidation of democracy: nature, factors, models]: avtoref. dis... kand. polit. nauk : 23.00.02. Moskva: Rossijskij universitet druzhby narodov. [In Russian].

Fesenko, M. (2015). Konsolidatsiia subiektiv svit-systemy u rozbudovi novoho mizhnarodnoho poriadku [Consolidation of the subjects of the world system in the construction of a new international order]. Kyiv : Tsentr vilnoi presy. [In Ukrainian].

Shmitter, F. (1996). Razmyshlenie o grazhdanskom obshestve i konsolidacii demokratii [Reflecting on civil society and consolidation of democracy]. Polis. 5. p. 87-96. [In Russian].

O’Donnell, G. & Schmitter, P. (1986). Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies. Transitions from Authoritarian Rule, Vol. 4: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies. Baltimore ; London : Johns Hopkins University Press. [In English].

Diamond, L. (1996). Is the Third Wave Over. Journal of Democracy, 3, (7), pp. 20-37. [In English].

Sherhin, S. & Fesenko, M. (2015). Chynnyky konsolidatsii mizhnarodnykh subiektiv u formuvanni novoho svitovoho poriadku v umovakh demokratyzatsii: teoretyko-metodolohichnyi vymir [Factors for the consolidation of international actors in the formation of a new world order under democratization: a theoretical and methodological dimension]. Ukraina Dyplomatychna. Naukovyi shchorichnyk. 16. pp. 749-761. Kyiv : Heneralna dyrektsiia z obsluhovuvannia inozemnykh predstavnytstv Kyivskoi miskoi Rady [Directorate General for Foreign Office Services at the Kyiv City Council]. [In Ukrainian].

Krestovskaâ, N. & Tsvirkun, O. (2008). Istoriia vchen pro derzhavu i pravo : uchebnoe posobye [History of the doctrines of the state and law: a textbook]. Kharkiv: TOV “Odissei”. [In Ukrainian].

Linz, J. & Stepan, A. (1996). Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. [In English].

Botaševa, A. (2009). Terrorizm kak faktor sovremennyh politicheskih processov: determinaciya, proyavleniya, strategiya protivodejstviya [Terrorism as a factor in contemporary political processes: determination, manifestations, counter-strategy] dissertaciya doktora politicheskih nauk: 23.00.02. Stavropol. [In Russian].

Malyševa, E. (2011). Fenomen sovremennogo terrorizma: socialno-filosofskij analiz [The phenomenon of modern terrorism: a socio-philosophical analysis] dissertaciya kandidata filosofskih nauk: 09.00.11. Krasnoyarsk. [In Russian].

Tilly, Ch. (1975). Western State-Making and Theories of Political Transformation. The Formation of National States in Western Europe. Princeton : Princeton University Press. [In English].

Il’in, M. (2012). Priznanie gosudarstva v kontekste evolyucii mirovoj sistemy [Recognition of the state in the context of the evolution of the world system]. Mezhdunarodnye processy. 1 (28). [Online]. Available from: [accessed 11 June 2017]. [In English].

Razdina, E. (2011) Obuslovlennost processami globalizacii transformacii sovremennogo mirovogo poryadka [Conditionality by globalization processes of transformation of the modern world order]. Gumanitarnij chasopis,2. pp. 80-87.