The Disintegration of the Russian Empire during the First World War on the Example of the Influence of the Latvian National Factor

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O. Kyrychenko

Abstract

The article outlines the 1914-1918 discussion on establishing national autonomies in the nonRussian regions of the Empire when the First World War made the national question extremely urgent
both for the central government and national elite; analyses the activity of Latvian nationaldemocratic leaders for solving the national question in their respective regions. Many representatives
of the Latvian elite chose to Russify, but others, nationally oriented, became carries of the emerging national identity of their people, leading the national movement for self-determination. The elected
National Land Councils started corresponding reforms, while the Bolsheviks who were also present in these Councils made efforts to undermine the creation of autonomies. The dissolution of the
Constituent Assembly in January, 1918 marked the end of the hopes for national autonomies within the Russian Democratic Federal Republic.

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How to Cite
Kyrychenko, O. (2019) “The Disintegration of the Russian Empire during the First World War on the Example of the Influence of the Latvian National Factor”, Problems of World History, (8), pp. 67-79. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2019-8-3.

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Articles
Author Biography

O. Kyrychenko

Kyrychenko Olexandr – Ph.D. in History, Senior Research Fellow of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”

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