Environmental Aspects of the New Deal of US President Franklin Roosevelt

Main Article Content


The global economic crisis, which began in 1929, became one of the strongest in the 20th century and most of all, the crisis struck the USA. To overcome its consequences, USA President Franklin Roosevelt has launched large-scale reforms that are known in the history as the New Deal. An important part of this anti-crisis program was the improvement of the environment of the USA. In modern scientific discourse, there are different points of view regarding the motivation of these measures. In the article it is proved that President F. Roosevelt has not only pragmatic goals of creating additional jobs and reducing by thus the social tension in American society. Taking into account the aggravation of environmental problems, for the first time in the history of the USA, their solution was combined with the stimulation of economic growth. Innovative environmental projects (Tennessee Valley Administration, Public Conservation Corps) not only contributed to improving the USA environment, but also laid the foundation of integrated management of natural resources and created the basis for the development of a broad ecological movement after the World War II.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 110 | PDF Downloads: 72 |

Article Details

How to Cite
Perga, T. (2018) “Environmental Aspects of the New Deal of US President Franklin Roosevelt”, Problems of World History, (6), pp. 104-117. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2018-6-8.

Author Biography

T. Perga

Perga Tetyana – Ph.D. in History, Senior Research Fellow of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”.


Leuchtenburg W.E. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal: 1932-1940. – N.Y.-London: Harper Perennial, 2009. – 432 p.

Badger A.J. The New Deal: The Depression Years, 1933-1940. – Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2002. – 412 p.

Franklin Delano Roozevelt: First Inaugural Address, Saturday, March 4, 1933 // American Presidency Project. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=14473

National Industrial Recovery Act (1933). [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=66

Egan T. The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl. – Boston-N.Y.: Mariner Books, 2006. – 340 p.

McElvanie R.S. The Great Depression: America 1929-1941. – N.Y.: Times Books, 1993. – 448 p.

Perkins Van L. Crisis in Agriculture. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration and the New Deal, 1933. – California Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969. – 245 p.

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act // US Fish and Wildlife Service. Digest of Federal Resouece Laws. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://www.fws.gov/laws/lawsdigest/soilcon.html

More than 80 years Helping People Help the Land: A Brief History of NRCS // Natural Resources Conservation Service. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/national/about/history/?cid=nrcs143_021392

Readings in the History of Soil Conservation Service // United States Department of Agriculture. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_ DOCUMENTS/stelprdb1043484.pdf

Macy C., Wolff J., Katz B.M. The Tennessee Valley Authority: Design and Persuasion. – N.Y.: Princeton Architectural Press, 2007. – 144 p.

Fireside Chat: Outlining the New Deal, May 7, 1933 // American Studies at the University of Virginia. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA02/volpe/ newdeal/outline_fireside_text.html

Downs M.L. Transforming the South: Federal Development in the Tennessee Valley, 1915-1960 (Making the Modern South). – Baton Roug: Louisiana State University Press, 2014. – 352 p.

Russel J. Soil Conditions and Plant Growth. – L.-N.Y.-Toronto, 1940. – 180 p.

Friedel F. The New Deal and the American People. – N.Y., 1965. – 250 p.

Hubbard J. Origins of the TVA: The Muscle Shoals Sontroversy, 1920-1932. – Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1961. – 340 p.

O’Callaghan D.B. Roosevelt and the United States. – Longman, 1991. – 128 p.

Dumond P.R. Roosevelt and Roosevelt. – Wash., 1937. – 218 p.

Callahan N. TVA: Bridge Over Troubled Water. A History of the Tennessee Valley Authority. – A.S. Barnes, 1980. – 420 p.

Neuse S.M. David E. Liliental: The Journey of an American Liberal. – Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1996. – 406 p.

King J. The Conservation Fight, from Theodore Roosevelt to the Tennessee Valley Authority. – Amsterdam: Leopold Classic Library, 2016. – 350 p.

Pritchett H. The Tennessee Valley Authority: A Study in Public Administration. – UNC Press Books, 2014. – 348 p.

Meher N.M. Nature’s New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps and the Roots of the American Environmental Movement. – Oxford University Press, 2009. – 328 p.

51 – Message to Congress on Making the Civilian Conservation Corps a Permanent Agency // The American Presidency Project. [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.presidency. ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=15384

Brinkley D. Rightful Heritage: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Land of America. – N.Y.: Harper&Brothers, 2016. – 752 p.

Wooler D., Henderson H. FDR and the Environment (The World of the Roosevelts). – London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. – 270 p.

Lacy L.A. The Soil Soldiers: The Civilian Conservation Corps in the Great Depression. – Southborough: Chilton Book Co, 2016. – 239 p.

Salmond D.J. The Civil Conservation Corps, 1933-1942. New Deal Case Study. – North Caroline, 1967. – 278 p.

Davis R., Davis H. Our Mark on This Land: A Guide to the Legacy of the Civilian Conservation Corps in America’s Parks. – Granville: The McDonald & Woodward Publishing Company, 2011. – 408 p.

Hill E.G. In the Shadow of the Mountain: The Spirit of the CCC. – Washington: Washington State University Press, 1990. – 187 p.

Mielnik T.M. New Deal, New Landscape: The Civilian Conservation Corps and South Carolina’s State Parks. – Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2011. – 224 p.

Peggy S. Civilian Conservation Corps: In and Around the Black Hills. – Mount Pleasant: Arcadia Publishing, 2004. – 128 p.

River C.The Civilian Conservation Corps: The History of the New Deal’s Famous Jobs Program during the Great Depression. – CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2016. – 42 p.

Davis F.C. My C.C.C. Days: Memories of the Civilian Conservation Corps. – Drive Winston-Salem: Blair Publisher, 2006. – 66 p.