Strategic Approaches and Priorities in U.S. Foreign Policy: from Harry Truman to Donald Trump

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The article examines the evolution of strategic approaches and priorities of U.S. international policy after the Second World War to present. An overview of American foreign policy concepts and
doctrines allows concluding that the main task of U.S. foreign policy throughout this period was to ensure the dominant role of the state within the international system. The analysis of foreign policy documents confirms the conclusions of a number of American researchers that the concept of preponderance in its various interpretations served as a “Grand strategy” that encompasses the narrower in content and shorter functional doctrines of deterrence, offshore balancing, concert-balance or Blocpolitik. Correction of foreign policy priorities of the president D. Trump reflects an objective process of
adaptation to a multipolar international system. It is suggested that the conditions of multipolar competition will force the USA to use new instruments of influence, such as multilateral and multipurpose containment, various forms of balancing on the basis of regional alliances, coalitions and security communities, or offshore intervention in cases if it can provide the USA benefits solving specific problems.


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Tolstov, S. (2018) “Strategic Approaches and Priorities in U.S. Foreign Policy: from Harry Truman to Donald Trump”, Problems of World History, (5), pp. 66-95. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2018-5-4.

Author Biography

S. Tolstov

Tolstov Sergiy – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Transatlantic Research of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”


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