The Revolt of 1916 and its Influence on the Formation of Kazakh Nation Identity

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O. Demenko

Abstract

The article explores the revolt of Kazakh people against the Russian colonial policy which took place during World War I in 1916. There are analyzed the main reasons of the revolt, amongst which
socio-economic factors as well as political factors are determined. In spite of the fact that the revolt of 1916, which had taken the form of National Liberation Revolution, generally was defeated, it caused
the growth of national self-determination, the increase in political participation and also formed certain experience of independent Kazakh people’s state-building. The revolt swept almost the whole territory of modern Kazakhstan and took an unprecedented scale and cruelty within the Russian empire. In consequence, the significant losses were incurred and hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave their homelands. These events are considered to be the direct consequence of the colonial police of the Russian Empire towards the subdue peoples.

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How to Cite
Demenko, O. (2019) “The Revolt of 1916 and its Influence on the Formation of Kazakh Nation Identity”, Problems of World History, (8), pp. 55-66. doi: 10.46869/2707-6776-2019-8-2.

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Articles
Author Biography

O. Demenko

Demenko Olexandr – Ph.D. in Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Research Fellow of the State Institution “Institute of World History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”

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